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Table of Contents
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 104-106

Knowledge attitude and practice of school personnel on COTPA


1 Postgraduate Student, Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dental Science, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad, Gujarat, India
2 Post-Graduate Student in Health Care Administration and Services Management at Conestoga College, (First Sem -Jan intake) Brantford campus, Ontario, Canada

Date of Submission04-Dec-2020
Date of Acceptance04-Dec-2020
Date of Web Publication29-Dec-2020

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Dhwani Desai
Faculty of Dental Science, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad, Gujarat
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijpcdr.ijpcdr_50_20

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  Abstract 


Background: The “Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products (Prohibition of Advertisement and Regulation of Trade and Commerce, Production, Supply, and Distribution) Act (COTPA)” has been formulated to control the Tobacco epidemic in India. School personnel serve as role models for students and have daily interaction with students, while college students may be under the influence of adolescent behavior and cigarettes is easier to procure.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study carried out on a convenience sample of 100 school personnel aged 18–60 years, participated in the study. Five schools were undertaken in this study on the basis of convenience sampling. All the school personnel preseent on the day of conduction of survey were included in the study.
Results: The awareness of school personnel in relation to COTPA ranges between 21% and 79% whereas least awareness (80%) was seen in relation to loose cigarettes not to be sold.
Conclusion: The present study indicates that participants have lesser and inappropriate knowledge and attitude toward COTPA and majority of not taken any step to implement COTPA in their work place

Keywords: Attitude, COTPA, knowledge, school children, school personnel, tobacco


How to cite this article:
Desai D, Desai D. Knowledge attitude and practice of school personnel on COTPA. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2020;7:104-6

How to cite this URL:
Desai D, Desai D. Knowledge attitude and practice of school personnel on COTPA. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Jan 24];7:104-6. Available from: https://www.ijpcdr.org/text.asp?2020/7/4/104/305294




  Introduction Top


Tobacco is the only legally available consumer product which kills people when it is used entirely as intended. According to the World Health Organization, tobacco kills more people annually than AIDS, alcohol, other addictions (drugs), and accidents put together.[1],[2] India is the third largest tobacco producing nation and second largest consumer of tobacco worldwide.[3],[4],[5] The government of India has been a pioneer in tobacco control. The governments regulatory action toward tobacco control began in 2003 with the enactment of the cigarettes and other tobacco products (prohibition of advertisement and regulation of trade and commerce, production supply and distribution) Act, 2003 (COTPA).[6] Global Adult Tobacco Survey 2 stated that 28.6% (266.8 million) of adults in India, aged 15 years and above currently consume tobacco in some form or the other. Among the age group of 20–34 years, one in eight (12.2%) daily tobacco users started smoking before the age of 15 years.[6] 57% of the population in India are aged 18–28. Thus, making India a young nation. Childhood is a mirror which reflects the propensities of adulthood and school personnel serve an important role in upbringing of students, therefore act as bearers of tobacco prevention curriculum and opinion leaders for school tobacco control policies.[7],[8],[9],[10] No study has been conducted so far on the knowledge, attitude, awareness, and perceived barriers regarding the implementation of the act in south coastal Gujarat/Daman. Therefore, this study was undertaken.


  Materials and Methods Top


A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted in Daman, to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices of school personnel on tobacco control laws in India during February–March 2019. Ethical approval was obtained from the institution. The school authorities were approached prior to the study, the nature of study was explained to them and permission was obtained. Written informed consent was taken from the study population and they were free to withdraw at any stage of the study. A questionnaire pro forma consisting of two parts was prepared. The total of 100 study subjects aged 18–60 years, randomly selected, participated in the study. Five schools were undertaken in this study on the basis of convenience sampling.


  Results Top


Statistical analysis was done using SPSS Version 20 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois, USA). For comparison of variables, the responses were dichotomized and analyzed using Chi-square test. For all the tests, P < 0.05 was considered for statistical significance. All the 100 participants submitted the duly filled questionnaires. The responses of the school personnel regarding knowledge, attitude, and practice are represented in [Table 1], [Table 2], [Table 3]. The awareness of respondents in relation to COTPA ranges between 21% and 79% whereas least awareness (80%) was seen in relation to loose cigarettes not to be sold.
Table 1: Knowledge of cigarettes and other tobacco products act among school personnel

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Table 2: Attitude of cigarettes and other tobacco products act among school personnel

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Table 3: Practice of cigarettes and other tobacco products act samong school personnel

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  Discussion Top


The present study reveals that 75% of the participants were aware of ban on smoking in public places which is similar to the findings from Annadurai et al.[4] and Panda et al.,[7] where it was found to be 96.2% in Tamilnadu and 80.8% in Odisha and 75.83% in Moradabad by Ravishankar et al.[1] 60% of the study participants strongly believed that it is right to stop tobacco consumption among public places. There is a lack of information in this regard among the study sample as the law is implemented recently in India in the year 2015. If a shop selling tobacco products will be close to any institution, the students of that institution will have immediate and easy access to tobacco products so there will be more chances of experimenting tobacco consumption.[7] 80% of participants were aware that loose cigarettes should not to be sold. Whereas in a study done by Ravishankar et al. 51.83% were unaware about the same.[1] There is a lack of information in this regard among the study sample as the law is implemented recently in India in the year 2015. Selling of single cigarettes, also known loosies is of potentially great concern to the field of tobacco control. Loosies allow for those with fewer resources, especially who are under-age to buy cigarettes without having to purchase a whole pack. Hence, India's ministry of health banned the sale of loose cigarettes, which is a big blow to tobacco companies because an overwhelming of the cigarettes sold in India are loose.[8] The awareness in this regard can be increased in school personnel by latest knowledge and news from the various media such as newspapers and televisions by them well versed with the latest laws imposed by the government.


  Conclusion Top


The present study indicates that participants have lesser and inappropriate knowledge and attitude toward COTPA and majority had not taken any step to implement COTPA in their work place. Hence, an effort has to be made to increase the awareness among school personnel involve them effectively in tobacco control programs.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Ravishankar TL, Chandra S, Tirth A, Tandon V, Ain TS. Knowledge, attitude and practice of retail tobacco vendors and school personnel on Indian tobacco control laws (COTPA) in Moradabad City, India. Int J Contemp Med Res 2016;3:3365-9.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Sharma R, Pednekar MS, Rehman AU, Gupta R. Tobacco use among school personnel in Rajasthan, India. Indian J Cancer 2004;41:162-7.  Back to cited text no. 2
[PUBMED]  [Full text]  
3.
Shimkhada R, Peabody JW. Tobacco control in India. Bull World Health Organ 2003;81:48-52.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Annadurai K, Danasekaran R, Mani G. Knowledge, attitude and practices on anti-tobacco measures imposed under the COTPA among adult males in rural areas of Tamil Nadu, India. Healthc Low Resour Settings 2014;2:16-8.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Ravishankar TL, Nagarajappa R. Factors attributing to initiation of tobacco use in adolescent students of moradabad U.P. Indian J Dent Res 2009;20:346-9.  Back to cited text no. 5
[PUBMED]  [Full text]  
6.
Multani S, Reddy J, Bhat N. Assessment of knowledge, attitude, behaviour and interpersonal factors related to the use of tobacco among youth of Udaipur city, Rajasthan, India: A cross-sectional study. Addict Health 2012;4:142-50.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Panda B, Rout A, Pati S. Tobacco control law enforcement and compliance in Odisha, India – Implications for tobacco control policy and practice. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2012;13:4631-7.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Latkin C, Murray L, Clegg KM. The prevalence and correlates of single cigarette selling among urban disadvantaged drug users in Baltimore, Maryland. Drug Alcohol Depend 2013;132:466-70.  Back to cited text no. 8
    
9.
Vidhubala GS, Vijayalakshmi S, Bharathi P. Prevalence of tobacco use among school children, exposure to passive smoking and their knowledge level about tobacco control in Chennai city, Tamil Nadu – A School Based Survey. J Indian Assoc Child Adolesc Ment Health 2014;10:110-31.  Back to cited text no. 9
    
10.
Bhutia TD, Engaging children for tobacco free schools: Salaam Bombay foundation. APACT 2013.  Back to cited text no. 10
    



 
 
    Tables

  [Table 1], [Table 2], [Table 3]



 

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   Abstract
  Introduction
   Materials and Me...
  Results
  Discussion
  Conclusion
   References
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