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   2020| January-March  | Volume 7 | Issue 1  
    Online since March 24, 2020

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Comparative evaluation of biofilm formation among three differently treated surface on titanium samples
R Arun, Nikhil S Rajan, Nissy Elizabeth George, TK Chandrathara, R Hari Krishnan, S Gayathri
January-March 2020, 7(1):8-10
Background: Use of osseointegrated oral implants has been an excellent method for replacement of missing teeth. Biofilm formation on oral implants can cause inflammation of peri-implant tissues, which can affect the long-term success of osseointegrated implants. Aims and Objectives: Comparative evaluation of biofilm formation among three differently treated surface on titanium samples Methodology: Samples were blasted and later loaded with gentamicin drug by vacuum drying and evaluation of the strains was done for biofilm. Bacterial adhesion was evaluated on time intervals of 0 h, 1 h, 4 h 24 h, and 48 h. Results: Bacterial adhesion was sequentially increasing in polished samples. Initial bacterial adhesion was more on surface modified samples when compared to polished samples in the 1st h. Bacterial adhesion was retarded in gentamicin-coated hydroxyapatite (HA)-blasted samples up to 24 h. Bacterial adhesion was considerably less on TiO2-blasted samples up to 48 h. Conclusion: Implant surface modified with TiO2and gentamicin showed delayed biofilm formation even up to 48 h. Surface modification with HA has gained considerable osteoconductive surface which is a boon for the production of future implants with less expense; however, further studies are to be carried out to prove its efficacy.
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Platelet-rich fibrin in the management of periapical lesions: A case series
Bharathi , HD Manasa, SG Manjunath, V Anand, Archita Datta, D Shanthala
January-March 2020, 7(1):14-16
Platelet rich Fibrin is a rich concentrate of various growth factors which exhibit properties such as cell migration, cell attachment ,cell proliferation, and cell differentiation .These properties allow for the enhancement of the regenerative process and hence the use of the PRF has been increasing in the field of Dentistry.In this case report we have described the use of two cases of periapical leions wherein the PRF has been used along with bone grafts as a regenerative material.
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Compare the efficacy of healing in mandibular third-molar sockets using the combination of platelet-rich fibrin and Biograft-HT®with that of platelet-rich fibrin alone
MD Shakeeb Ullah, Sumanth Unakalkar, HK Ramya, Prathibha Reddy, KB Srikanth, G Vijayalakshmi
January-March 2020, 7(1):1-4
Aim and Objectives: The aim of this prospective clinical study was to compare the efficacy of a combination of Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF) and biograft- HT® with that of platelet rich fibrin alone in healing of impacted mandibular third molar sockets after surgical removal of the same. Objectives were to compare the post-operative pain, swelling, trismus, periodontal health distal to mandibular second molar, quality of bone healing at the mandibular third molar socket at various time intervals. Methodology : This was split mouth study where PRF and biograft- HT® was placed on one side of the third molar extraction socket and PRF alone was placed on the other side in 15 patients with bilaterally impacted 3rd molars. Results: There was no statistically significant difference seen in any of the parameters Conclusion: This study does not prove statistically significant improvement in the efficacy of combination of PRF with Biograft- HT® when compared to PRF alone. The addition of Biograft- HT® to PRF increases the cost of the treatment while PRF alone is cost effective as it is prepared with patient“s own blood. Hence, the addition of Biograft- HT® to PRF can”t be recommended based on our study alone.
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A comparative evaluation of accuracy of three impression techniques in parallel and angulated multiple implant impressions: An in vitro study
Priya Singh, Vikrant Pratap, Rajneesh Kumar, Rupali Pathak, Avinash Kamble, Anchal Srivastava
January-March 2020, 7(1):5-7
Introduction: Dental implants have become the treatment of choice in many situations where missing teeth require functional and esthetic replacements. The present study was conducted to evaluate and compare the accuracy of multiple implant impressions using different impression techniques such as open tray nonsplinted, open tray splinted, and closed tray in both parallel as well as angulated implants. Materials and Methods: Two acrylic models were fabricated with four implant analogs placed in each model. Three impression groups, Group 1 (open-tray nonsplinted technique), Group 2 (open -tray splinted technique), and Group 3 (closed tray technique) were formed for each model. The post hoc Tukey's test was used for multiple comparisons. Results: The results show that Group 3 is least accurate after that, Group 1 and Group 2 are most accurate techniques for impression making. Conclusions: These results indicate that the open-tray (pickup) impression technique is more accurate as compared to the closed tray (reposition) technique in both Model A (parallel analogs) and Model B (angulated analogs).
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Knowledge, attitude, and awareness among patients about dental implants
Monica Mahajani, Vaishali Das, Ashwin Aidasani, Vino Tito V. Kurien, Iffat Inamdar, Arpita Nag
January-March 2020, 7(1):11-13
Introduction: The use of dental implants for the replacement of missing teeth has been increased by leaps and bounds ever since the concept of osseointegration has been identified and accepted. Aim and Objectives: The present study was conducted to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and awareness of the people toward dental implants. Materials and Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in Dr. HSRSM Dental College and Hospital, Hingoli. A total of 302 people was asked using a standard questionnaire. Results: While asking the information about dental implants, it was found that 58.7% of respondents were aware of it. About 54.2% consider high cost as the main barrier, followed by surgical procedure (19.5%) and long duration of treatment (26.3%). The attitude of respondents toward dental implants was found positive as 94.6% of them were curious about dental implant, and 82.9% want to get information from dentists only. Conclusions: To conclude with this survey, we found a very good knowledge, attitude, and awareness of individuals toward dental implants.
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