International Journal of Preventive and Clinical Dental Research

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 60--62

Prevalence of oral submucous fibrosis among habitual gutkha and areca nut chewers in Dhanbad district


Animesh Kumar Shivam1, Farrukh Azam2, Heena Sadiq3 
1 Senior Resident, Department of Dentistry, Patliputra Medical College and Hospital, Dhnabad, Jharkhand, India
2 Professor and HOD, Department of Dentistry, Patliputra Medical College and Hospital, Dhnabad, Jharkhand, India
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Dentistry, GMC, Kathua, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Animesh Kumar Shivam
Department of Dentistry, Patliputra Medical College and Hospital, Dhanbad - 828 127, Jharkhand
India

Objectives: To assess the incidence rate of oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) and its etiology in patients attending outpatient department at Patliputra Medical College and Hospital (PMCH), Dhanbad. Methodology: The diagnosis of OSMF was based on clinical examination and evaluating patient's signs and symptoms. Results: The total number of patients affected by OSMF in this time duration was 270. Of these, 232 (86%) were male, while 38 were female (14%). The greatest proportion of OSMF patients (58.58%) had a habit of chewing areca nut alone or in the form of gutkha. Conclusion: This study reveals that the incidence rate of OSMF in patients visiting PMCH, Dhanbad was 1%. Males were more affected than females. It was seen that the major etiological factors in the development of OSMF was areca nut and gutkha usage by the patients.


How to cite this article:
Shivam AK, Azam F, Sadiq H. Prevalence of oral submucous fibrosis among habitual gutkha and areca nut chewers in Dhanbad district.Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2018;5:60-62


How to cite this URL:
Shivam AK, Azam F, Sadiq H. Prevalence of oral submucous fibrosis among habitual gutkha and areca nut chewers in Dhanbad district. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res [serial online] 2018 [cited 2020 Apr 10 ];5:60-62
Available from: http://www.ijpcdr.org/article.asp?issn=2349-7319;year=2018;volume=5;issue=4;spage=60;epage=62;aulast=Shivam;type=0