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   Table of Contents - Current issue
October-December 2019
Volume 6 | Issue 4
Page Nos. 69-85

Online since Friday, January 3, 2020

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A study to assess the oral health-related knowledge, attitude, and practices among the female healthcare workers of a tertiary health care hospital p. 69
R Sushma, Nupura Aniket Vibhute, Harshada Tukaram Zagade, Trupthi Saket Bhosle
Background: Physiological conditions such as pregnancy, puberty, menstrual cycle, menopause and other conditions like hormonal contraception and hormonal therapy all influence women's oral health. Aims and Objectives: The rationale behind the present study was to get the statistics of the knowledge, awareness, and of the oral health practice of the female population working in a deemed university in a rural area Karad in south West Maharashtra India. Materials and Methods: A specially designed questionnaire based on knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) was used. Results: 58.8% of the participants had good knowledge regarding the overall oral health. 79.9% of the study participants had an excellent attitude towards their oral health care 75.1% of the study population practiced good oral care protocols. Conclusion: Oral hygiene if practiced on a regular basis would help prevent a number of oral diseases but if ignored, would lead to a plethora of dental problems.
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A comparative evaluation in different types of treatments on titanium alloy samples with or without gentamicin and its effect on biofilm: An in vitro study p. 73
R Arun, Nikhil S Rajan, Nissy Elizabeth George, TK Chandrathara, R Hari Krishnan, S Gayathri
Background: Use of osseointegrated oral implants has been an excellent method for the replacement of missing teeth. Biofilm formation on oral implants can cause inflammation of peri-implant tissues, which can affect the long-term success of osseointegrated implants. Aims and Objectives: The aims and objectives of this study lie in the comparative evaluation of biofilm formation among five differently treated surfaces on titanium samples and to evaluate the difference in the delay of biofilm formation among various surfaces. Methodology: Six sets of polished titanium samples were blasted with sintered hydroxyapatite (HA) and titanium dioxide (TiO2). Another set of samples were blasted and later loaded with gentamicin drug by vacuum drying. The control group comprised plain polished and gentamicin drug-loaded samples. And, evaluation of the strains was done for biofilm. Bacterial adhesion was evaluated on time intervals of 0 h, 1 h, 4 h, 24 h, and 48 h. Results: Bacterial adhesion was sequentially increasing in the polished samples. Initial bacterial adhesion was more on surface-modified samples when compared to polished samples in the 1st hour. Bacterial adhesion was retarded in gentamicin-coated HA-blasted samples up to 24 h. Bacterial adhesion was considerably less on TiO2-blasted samples up to 48 h. Conclusion: Implant surface modified with TiO2 and gentamicin showed delayed biofilm formation even up to 48 h. Surface modification with HA has gained considerable osteoconductive surface, which is a boon for the production of future implants with less expense, however further studies are to be carried out to prove its efficacy.
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Effectiveness of health education on knowledge about tobacco use among police personnel in Haldia city, West Bengal: An interventional study p. 76
Silpi Chatterjee, Aarti Kumari, Sonia Tiwari, Daya Shankar, Sudhanshu Saxena
Aim: To assess the effectiveness of health education on knowledge about tobacco use among police personnel in Haldia City, West Bengal. Objectives: 1. To assess the existing knowledge about tobacco use among police personnel in Haldia City. 2. To assess the effectiveness of health education on knowledge about tobacco use among police personnel in Haldia City. Materials and Methods: The present study was an interventional study. The study was conducted over a period of 1 month among police personnel in Haldia city. At baseline a pretested questionnaire was given to the police personnel about the knowledge on tobacco use. After they completed the questionnaire Health Education on tobacco use was given to the participants. After 1 week the same questionnaire was given to the police personnel to assess the changes in the knowledge about tobacco use in them. Results: There was a significant difference found in the knowledge on tobacco use among the police personnel in the pre and post intervention.
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Oral health status of hearing impaired individuals in a school in Vashi, Navi Mumbai p. 80
Deeksha Kiran Shetty, Bharat Gupta, Amit Patil, Sheetal Mali
Objective: The purpose of this study is to determine the oral health status along with child's access, provider's attitude and parental knowledge towards oral care and barriers to dental care of differently abled children attending a school in Vashi, Navi Mumbai. Methodology: Dental caries was assessed using Dentition Status and Treatment Needs Index (1997) as per WHO criteria. Oral hygiene was assessed using Simplified Oral Hygiene Index. Eighty participants between 3-18 years of age. with hearing disability participated in the study. Results: The DMFT score in was 1.86+/-2.54.The mean oral hygiene score was 1.27+-1.04 showing that the oral hygiene was good. Dental trauma was minimal among these children. Conclusion: In conclusion, encouraging and promoting parents of these children to improve their oral health and developing innovative methods to improve communication between the hearing impaired and health care professional is of utmost importance.
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Awareness and knowledge on oral cancer in a population of urban slum area in Guntur city p. 83
Srinivas Ravoori, Parveen Sultana Shaik, Suresh Chand Yaddanapalli, Nijampatnam P M. Pavani, Deepika Jasti, Vikram Simha Bomireddy
Introduction: Oral cancer is a significant world health problem, and it is the sixth most common cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Screening may assist with early detection and improve patient outcomes. Materials and Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out in one of the populated slum areas of Guntur city. A questionnaire was designed to collect personal information and assess participants' knowledge about oral cancer, etiology, and risk factors after informing the importance of the study, and informed consent was taken before the start of the study. Thus, obtained data were analyzed using SPSS software version 21 by Mann–Whitney U-test and Kruskal–Wallis test; significance was estimated at P ≤ 0.05. Results: Majority of individuals irrespective of age have gained information on oral cancer from television, while almost all the participants with their respective socioeconomic status have responded that they do not know the signs of oral cancer which is statistically significant (P ≤ 0.001, r = 0.030). Conclusion: The findings of the present study showed that there was lack of awareness and knowledge on oral cancer in a slum population in Guntur city. Therefore, it is high time to implement oral health promotion strategy and appropriate measures for early detection of oral cancer.
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