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Table of Contents
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-13

Knowledge, attitude, and awareness among patients about dental implants


1 Professor and HOD, Department of Periodontology, Dr. HSRSM College and Hospital, Hingoli, Maharashtra, India
2 HOD, Department of Biochemistry, Dr. Rajesh R. Dental College, Akola, Maharashtra, India
3 Associate Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Dr. HSRSM College and Hospital, Hingoli, Maharashtra, India
4 MDS, Department of Periodontology, Yenepoya Dental College and Hospital, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
5 Private Practitioner, MDS Periodontology, Private Consultant, Thane, Maharashtra, India
6 Post Graduate Student, Department of Periodontics, Dental College and Hospital, Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to Be) University, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Date of Submission05-Feb-2020
Date of Acceptance10-Feb-2020
Date of Web Publication24-Mar-2020

Correspondence Address:
Monica Mahajani
Mahajani Plots, Near Icon Hospital, Akola - 444001, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/INPC.INPC_1_20

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  Abstract 


Introduction: The use of dental implants for the replacement of missing teeth has been increased by leaps and bounds ever since the concept of osseointegration has been identified and accepted.
Aim and Objectives: The present study was conducted to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and awareness of the people toward dental implants.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in Dr. HSRSM Dental College and Hospital, Hingoli. A total of 302 people was asked using a standard questionnaire.
Results: While asking the information about dental implants, it was found that 58.7% of respondents were aware of it. About 54.2% consider high cost as the main barrier, followed by surgical procedure (19.5%) and long duration of treatment (26.3%). The attitude of respondents toward dental implants was found positive as 94.6% of them were curious about dental implant, and 82.9% want to get information from dentists only.
Conclusions: To conclude with this survey, we found a very good knowledge, attitude, and awareness of individuals toward dental implants.

Keywords: Attitude, awareness, dental implants, knowledge, missing teeth


How to cite this article:
Mahajani M, Das V, Aidasani A, V. Kurien VT, Inamdar I, Nag A. Knowledge, attitude, and awareness among patients about dental implants. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2020;7:11-3

How to cite this URL:
Mahajani M, Das V, Aidasani A, V. Kurien VT, Inamdar I, Nag A. Knowledge, attitude, and awareness among patients about dental implants. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Apr 8];7:11-3. Available from: http://www.ijpcdr.org/text.asp?2020/7/1/11/281338




  Introduction Top


Ever since the concept of osseointegration has been identified and accepted, the use of dental implants for the replacement of missing teeth has been increased by leaps and bounds.[1] Recent publicity about the benefits of implant dentistry has generated considerable interest among dental professionals and the public.[2] There has been improvement in their quality of life and self-confidence, along with psychological benefits among the majority of patients treated with an implant-supported prosthesis.[3] Moreover, the awareness of good general health, dental health, and nutrition has led to the longevity of life of humans. As missing teeth can be replaced by removable and fixed prosthesis, there are a few disadvantages with both.[4] Furthermore, the rate of acceptance of removable prosthesis is minimal in both the young as well as the older individuals, and fixed prosthesis requires the sacrifice of the adjacent teeth to be replaced.[5] Most of the studies on the awareness of dental implants in various parts of India and other countries suggest the use of dental implants in the rehabilitation of partially edentulous and completely edentulous patients in metropolitan cities and among the upper middle class, rich, and educated people.[5],[6] Hence, the present study was done to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and awareness of the people toward dental implants and will identify the barriers such as education, economic status, and general health circumstances.


  Materials and Methods Top


This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in Dr. HSRSM Dental College and Hospital, Hingoli, Maharashtra, with the primary objective to determine the awareness toward dental implants among completely or partially edentulous patients visiting the hospital. A total of 302 people was asked using a standard questionnaire. The adult patients who were needing prosthetic rehabilitation in any or both of their jaws were recruited in the study.


  Results Top


Among 302 patients, 55.68% were male and 44.32% were female. While asking the information about dental implants, it was found that 58.7% of respondents were aware of it. Among them, 37.5% attributed friends for their source of knowledge, 19.4% from dentists, and 2.4% from newspapers. A good portion of participants (62.8%) think that the implant survives for the whole life. While asked about constraints for implant treatment, 54.2% consider high cost as the main barrier, followed by surgical procedure (19.5%) and long duration of treatment (26.3%) [Table 1]. The attitude of respondents toward dental implants was found positive as 94.6% of them were curious about dental implant and 82.9% want to get information from dentists only. Among the respondents, 41.5% think that hygiene care should be more than natural teeth, and 8.7% think that it will require less. Almost the same fraction of respondents thinks that specialist (35.8%) or general dentists (35.3%) can perform implant treatment.
Table 1: Responses on the level of knowledge

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  Discussion Top


Among various alternatives to replace missing teeth, 58.7% of respondents in our study heard about dental implants. In a study done by Pommer et al., the prevalence of patients knowing about dental implants was 74%.[7] The awareness rate about dental implants was found to be less than that of the Australian population (72%),[8] Saudi Arabian population (66.4%),[9] Swiss population (70.7%),[10] Norwegian population (70.1%),[11] and Sudanese population (68.5%).[12] Regarding the constraints of implant therapy, 54.2% were quoting high cost as the main barrier, followed by surgical procedures (19.5%) and long duration of treatment (26.3%). It is in agreement with other studies by Narby et al.,[13] Bhat et al.,[14] and Prashanti and Mohan.[15] However, the findings of the multicenter study done by Ellis et al.[16] had outlined fear of pain of surgery as the main barrier for implant therapy. Asked about care and maintenance, 41.5% of respondents in our study think that implants need more care than natural teeth, and 8.7% think that it requires less care. It is closely matched to the findings of the study done by Rustemeyer and Bremerich.[17] In the current study, many respondents (62.8%) think that the implant lasts forever. It is in contrast to the findings of Sudanese (19.3%)[12] and Turkish (33%)[18] studies. The attitude toward dental implants was found very high in our study with 94.6% showing interest to know more about implants. This is in agreement to Sudanese (93.2%)[12] and slightly higher than that of Saudi Arabian (82.4%)[9] and Turkish (68.3%)[18] study.


  Conclusions Top


To conclude with this survey, we found a very good knowledge, attitude, and awareness of individuals toward dental implants. Most of the participants heard about dental implants, and they were well informed mainly by their dentists. They wanted to know more about dental implants from their dentists, and they cared about the functioning outcome of the implant. Furthermore, most of them preferred to choose dental implants.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Henry PJ. Oral implant restoration for enhanced oral function. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 2005;32:123-7.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Lindh T, Gunne J, Tillberg A, Molin M. A meta-analysis of implants in partial edentulism. Clin Oral Implants Res 1998;9:80-90.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Kohli S, Bhatia S, Kaur A, Rathakrishnan T. Public knowledge and acceptance of dental implant treatment in Malaysian population. J Interdiscipl Dent 2014;4:76-80.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Khosya B, Devaraj CG. Awareness of dental implants as a treatment modality among people visiting Mahatma Gandhi Dental College and Hospital, Jaipur. Natl J Med Res 2015;5:61-3.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Satpathy A, Porwal A, Bhattacharya A, Sahu PK. Patient awareness, acceptance and perceived cost of dental implants as a treatment modality for replacement of missing teeth: A survey in Bhubaneshwar and Cuttack. Int J Public Health Dent 2011;2:1-7.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Awooda EM. Knowledge, attitude and acceptance of dental implants among patients attending Khartoum Dental Teaching Hospital. J Dent Med Sci 2014;13:19-23.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Pommer B, Zechner W, Watzak G, Ulm C, Watzek G, Tepper G. Progress and trends in patients' mindset on dental implants. I: Level of information, sources of information and need for patient information. Clin Oral Implants Res 2011;22:223-9.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Tepper G, Haas R, Mailath G, Teller C, Zechner W, Watzak G, et al. Representative marketing-oriented study on implants in the Austrian population. I. Level of information, sources of information and need for patient information. Clin Oral Implants Res 2003;14:621-33.  Back to cited text no. 8
    
9.
Al-Johany S, Al Zoman HA, Al Juhaini M, Al Refeai M. Dental patients' awareness and knowledge in using dental implants as an option in replacing missing teeth: A survey in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Saudi Dent J 2010;22:183-8.  Back to cited text no. 9
    
10.
Müller F, Salem K, Barbezat C, Herrmann FR, Schimmel M. Knowledge and attitude of elderly persons towards dental implants. Gerodontology 2012;29:e914-23.  Back to cited text no. 10
    
11.
Berge TI. Public awareness, information sources and evaluation of oral implant treatment in Norway. Clin Oral Implants Res 2000;11:401-8.  Back to cited text no. 11
    
12.
Awooda EM, Eltayeb AS, Hussein SA, Dayelnaiem ID, Abdelhamied MA, Mohamed LA, et al. Knowledge, attitude and acceptance of dental implants among patients attending Khartoum dental teaching hospital. Int Organ Sci Res J Dent Med Sci 2014;13:19-23.  Back to cited text no. 12
    
13.
Narby B, Kronström M, Söderfeldt B, Palmqvist S. Changes in attitudes toward desire for implant treatment: A longitudinal study of a middle-aged and older Swedish population. Int J Prosthodont 2008;21:481-5.  Back to cited text no. 13
    
14.
Bhat AM, Prasad KD, Sharma D, Hegde R. Attitude toward desire for implant treatment in South Coastal Karnataka population: A short-term epidemiological survey. Int J Oral Implantol Clin Res 2012;3:63-6.  Back to cited text no. 14
    
15.
Prashanti E, Mohan M. Awareness of dental implants among undergraduate dental students at Mangalore, India. Indian J Appl Res 2013;3:1-2.  Back to cited text no. 15
    
16.
Ellis JS, Levine A, Bedos C, Mojon P, Rosberger Z, Feine J, et al. Refusal of implant supported mandibular overdentures by elderly patients. Gerodontology 2011;28:62-8.  Back to cited text no. 16
    
17.
Rustemeyer J, Bremerich A. Patients' knowledge and expectations regarding dental implants: Assessment by questionnaire. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2007;36:814-7.  Back to cited text no. 17
    
18.
Ozçakır Tomruk C, Ozkurt-Kayahan Z, Sençift K. Patients' knowledge and awareness of dental implants in a Turkish subpopulation. J Adv Prosthodont 2014;6:133-7.  Back to cited text no. 18
    



 
 
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