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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 83-85

Awareness and knowledge on oral cancer in a population of urban slum area in Guntur city


1 Associate Professor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, SIBAR Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, SIBAR Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Panineeya Dental College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Srinivas Ravoori
Department of Public Health Dentistry, SIBAR Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/INPC.INPC_61_19

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Introduction: Oral cancer is a significant world health problem, and it is the sixth most common cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Screening may assist with early detection and improve patient outcomes. Materials and Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out in one of the populated slum areas of Guntur city. A questionnaire was designed to collect personal information and assess participants' knowledge about oral cancer, etiology, and risk factors after informing the importance of the study, and informed consent was taken before the start of the study. Thus, obtained data were analyzed using SPSS software version 21 by Mann–Whitney U-test and Kruskal–Wallis test; significance was estimated at P ≤ 0.05. Results: Majority of individuals irrespective of age have gained information on oral cancer from television, while almost all the participants with their respective socioeconomic status have responded that they do not know the signs of oral cancer which is statistically significant (P ≤ 0.001, r = 0.030). Conclusion: The findings of the present study showed that there was lack of awareness and knowledge on oral cancer in a slum population in Guntur city. Therefore, it is high time to implement oral health promotion strategy and appropriate measures for early detection of oral cancer.


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