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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-13

Tobacco use and oral health status among adolescents visiting patliputra medical college and hospital, Dhanbad


1 Senior Resident, Department of Dentistry, Partliputra Medical College and Hospital, Dhnabad, Jharkhand, India
2 Professor and HOD, Department of Dentistry, Partliputra Medical College and Hospital, Dhnabad, Jharkhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Animesh Kumar Shivam
Department of Dentistry, Partliputra Medical College and Hospital, Dhnabad - 828 127, Jharkhand
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/INPC.INPC_25_19

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Introduction: Tobacco use is one of the main risk factors for a number of chronic diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, lung cancer, and oral cancer. Tobacco epidemic is one of the public health threats killing nearly six million people yearly. Tobacco use also contributes to poor oral health causing staining, bad breath, and tooth decay. Different studies in India are suggestive of upward trend in the use of tobacco even in adolescents. Objectives: The objectives of this study are to find the prevalence of tobacco use among adolescents in an urban slum and to assess the oral health status among them. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out as a part of oral health assessment camp conducted in an urban slum. All adolescents attending the camp were recruited in the study after due informed consent, the final sample size is 130. Results: The overall tobacco use among adolescents was found to be 95.8% adolescent boys and 27.6% among adolescent girls. The most common reasons cited for tobacco use were peer pressure followed by parent's influence. Smokeless tobacco (dry tobacco, lime, and gutkha) was consumed by 39.13% boys and 19% girls. Smoking was prevalent among 16.7% boys and 8.6% girls. However, 41.7% adolescent boys consumed both forms of tobacco. The prevalence of dental caries was high in both boys (77.7%) and girls (55.2%). The presence of tartar was found in 47.3% boys and 22.4% girls. Bleeding gums was found in more number of girls (29.3%) as compared to boys (25%). The other morbidities found on examination were ulcer (16.7% boys and 3.5% girls) and oral submucous fibrosis (27.8% boys and 3.5% girls). Conclusion: Appropriate intervention is required because adolescence is a tender period where these risk factors such as tobacco consumption and oral hygiene could be modified by awareness and counseling.


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