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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 60-62

Prevalence of oral submucous fibrosis among habitual gutkha and areca nut chewers in Dhanbad district


1 Senior Resident, Department of Dentistry, Patliputra Medical College and Hospital, Dhnabad, Jharkhand, India
2 Professor and HOD, Department of Dentistry, Patliputra Medical College and Hospital, Dhnabad, Jharkhand, India
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Dentistry, GMC, Kathua, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Animesh Kumar Shivam
Department of Dentistry, Patliputra Medical College and Hospital, Dhanbad - 828 127, Jharkhand
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/INPC.INPC_5_19

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Objectives: To assess the incidence rate of oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) and its etiology in patients attending outpatient department at Patliputra Medical College and Hospital (PMCH), Dhanbad. Methodology: The diagnosis of OSMF was based on clinical examination and evaluating patient's signs and symptoms. Results: The total number of patients affected by OSMF in this time duration was 270. Of these, 232 (86%) were male, while 38 were female (14%). The greatest proportion of OSMF patients (58.58%) had a habit of chewing areca nut alone or in the form of gutkha. Conclusion: This study reveals that the incidence rate of OSMF in patients visiting PMCH, Dhanbad was 1%. Males were more affected than females. It was seen that the major etiological factors in the development of OSMF was areca nut and gutkha usage by the patients.


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