Curcumin gel and diode laser: A new duo in the treatment of chronic periodontitis
PL Ravishankar1, Maharshi Malakar2, Sunanda Rao2, Priyankar Chakraborty3, Nawab Aftab4, Iqra Mushtaq5
1 Professor and Head, Department of Periodontics, SRM Kattankulathur Dental College, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Postgraduate Student, Department of Periodontics, SRM Kattankulathur Dental College, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Ex. Postgraduate Student, Department of Periodontics, SRM Kattankulathur Dental College, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Senior Lecturer, Department of Periodontics and Implantology, College of Dental Science, Davanagere, Karnataka, India
5 Periodontist, Department of Periodontics, Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Hospital, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Dr. P L Ravishankar
Department of Periodontics, SRM Kattankulathur Dental College, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Introduction: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of SRP assisted by the two clinical treatment methods of diode laser or Curcumin Gel applications in comparison with SRP alone..
Materials and Method: This single-blind clinical trial, performed in a split mouth design, was conducted on 10 patients with moderate to severe chronic periodontitis. Following a baseline examination at first day which included the assessments of plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), and probing depth (PD); patients randomly received either SRP in one quadrant (control group), or SRP combined with Curcumin gel in another quadrant (experimental group). All cases were examined again, assessing PI, GI, and PD at baseline and 90th day. Presence of P. gingivalis was tested by PCR method.
Results: In all patients, there was a significant improvement in the in GI and PD for both quadrants treated only with SRP or combination of SRP and Curcumin. However, experimental group presented significantly lower GI (P = 0.0001) and PD (P = 0.009) than the control group at the end of study period.
Conclusion: This study revealed that local application of curcumin gel could be considered as an adjunctive treatment with scaling and root planning for chronic periodontitis.